Packaging Terms and Definitions
The Edge Crush Test (ECT) is a standard industry measure of the stacking strength of corrugated board. The amount of force needed to crush on-edge combined board is a primary factor in predicting the compressive strength of the completed box.
Tertiary packaging is used for the protection and shipping of a product. Companies that ship any kind of goods uses tertiary packaging in the distribution process. If you have ever ordered anything online, you’ve received it in a piece of tertiary packaging.
Polyethylene terephthalate or PET (also abbreviated PETE) is the chemical name for polyester. PET is a clear, strong, and lightweight plastic that is widely used for packaging foods and beverages, especially convenience-sized soft drinks, juices and water. PET is approved as safe for contact with foods and beverages by the FDA and health-safety agencies throughout the world. PET is completely recyclable, and is the most recycled plastic in the U.S and worldwide. Special grades of PET are used for carry-home food containers and prepared food trays that can be warmed in the oven or microwave.
Secondary packaging is the outer package into which the primary package is placed. Its major function is to protect the product during shipping and distribution. Examples of secondary packaging include cartons, containers and pallets.
A universal product code bar code is a unique identifier for a product. It identifies the number and symbol of a product along with the color, size, name, configuration and other attributes. It is the first 12 numbers of a product code. The universal product code works universally and not just in a single country.
Mushroom packaging is a biodegradable packaging material was invented in 2010 and is a sustainable alternative for the plastic foams used in protective packaging. The packaging contains hemp hurd and mycelium, the root-like structure of a mushroom, and will decompose naturally within a matter of weeks, and therefore reduce waste and increase recycling. Mushroom packaging is thermally insulating and water-resistant.
Aseptic packaging uses a manufacturing process of filling a sterilized package with a commercially sterile food product and sealing it within the confines of a sterile environment. This method uses extremely high temperatures to maintain the freshness of the contents while also ensuring that it’s not contaminated with microorganisms.