e-Grocery Technology Terms & Definitions
Automated picking storage and dispense is an automated system that contains product inventory so that customer orders can be picked into order totes. It also stores completed orders and, at the appropriate time, dispenses those orders for either customer pickup at store or delivery to home.
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Unit of volume equal to 100 cubic feet. Frequently used to describe bulk gas or bulk gas equivalents. Liquid Nitrogen is frequently measured in CCF, or the amount of gas that will result when the liquid fully boils off. In liquid form, one CCF of Nitrogen is slightly more than a gallon.
A self-contained automated piece picking machine designed to process a high volume of items (Min, Size: 2” x .6” x .6” – Max. Product Size: 12.4” x 10.5” x 3.8”) & dispense them into totes or cartons at a low operating cost.
The amount of water vapor in the air, measured as mass of water vapor contained in a given mass of air, such as grains per pound. Absolute humidity is independent of air pressure and temperature. While relative humidity effects the contents of the space, absolute humidity is frequently used to specify the performance of equipment because it is not dependent on other variables, such as temperature.
Pressure based on a reference point of zero pressure, or perfect vacuum. Gauge pressure plus atmospheric pressure. Typically used in terms of weather, aviation, or navigation, it’s important to note the basis point for a pressure measurement.
Temperature measured from a reference point of absolute zero, typically in units of Rankine (R, Imperial) or Kelvin (K, Metric). The design of an HVAC system will need to use temperature measurements in absolute terms.
A type of sealed lead acid battery where the electrolyte is immobilzed in fiberglass or polymeric fiber separators. AGM batteries are rechargable, less expensive than their lithium counterparts, and are capable of deep-cycle operation. They are, however, significantly less energy dense and do not maintain their voltage as they are depleted.
A chiller that uses a brine solution and water to provide refrigeration without the aid of a compressor. Depending on the local climate, absorption chillers can be used to cool a space with significantly less energy consumption than a typical chiller system.
Active fire protection systems include automatic features to protect a building and its occupants from fire. It uses moving mechanical or electrical parts to achieve the fire protection goal. Active fire protection systems attempt to contain the spread of the fire by dispersing water or other compounds.
A unit of gas flow representing the actual volume of fluid flowing past a reference point. While frequently referred to as “CFM,” the two are not interchangable for compressible fluids. ACFM refers to the volumetric flow rate at ambient temperature and pressure. Mass flow will vary as temperature and pressure change.
Product categories on-shelf or product departments located next to or in close proximity to each other within a retail store. Important to properly slotting inventory in a warehouse or on retail shelves. Items frequently bought at the same time should be adjacent to one another in both venues.
ASN is an Advance Ship Notice (sometimes called an Outbound Ship Notice, Manifest, DESADV or EDI 856). The ASN answers to the following questions for buying organizations: • What order(s) shipped? • What items are being shipped and how many? • When will the order(s) arrive? • Does the shipment contain the complete order? • Is the shipment packaged with barcodes for easy receiving? • What is the FedEx, UPS or USPS tracking number? (drop-ship orders)