A micro fulfillment center (MFC) is an automated fulfillment center, with footprints typically ranging from 10,000 to 20,000 square feet, with some as small as 5,000 square feet. MFCs can be co-housed inside an existing store or placed in a smaller warehouse space in an urban location. Micro fulfillment centers help reduce transportation costs and enable shorter delivery times because they are located closer to customers.
Nano fulfillment centers are smaller than traditional warehouses and typically located in much-smaller spaces within urban areas, averaging approximately 10,000 square feet. They offer retailers short delivery times because of their proximity to customers but have a limited number of products because of the smaller physical space. Nano fulfillment centers have limited hours of operation but support peak hours of demand.
A term favored by Walmart for their small format, automated dispense systems. These system are located close to customers to solve the speed of delivery ‘last mile’ problem. They can contain three temperature zones and automatically dispense order to the customer when they arrive at a kiosk. Think convenient negihborhood ATM for your groceries. The RADS are fulfillled from MFC’s, Dark Stores or CFCs typically via van.
A geographically local distribution center (DC) that is part of the Novastore architecture. The MDC sits between the DC and store. The MDC serves many stores in a region and provides less than case level replenishment in tote/subtotes to stores in that area. The key advantage of the MDC is more efficient replenishment of stores than traditional case-level replenishment.