Remote automated dispense (RAD) is a term favored by Walmart for their small format, automated dispense systems. They are located close to customers to solve the speed of delivery ‘last mile’ problem. They can contain three temperature zones and automatically dispense order to the customer when they arrive at a kiosk. Think convenient neighborhood ATM for your groceries. The RADS are fulfilled from MFC’s, Dark Stores or CFCs typically via van.